Conflict

A boy injured by a hand grenade sits on the front porch of his home in Nagorno-Karabakh, Azerbaijan. © UN Photo/Armineh Johannes

Losing the peace: The Armenian-Azerbaijani stalemate in Nagorno-Karabakh

Observers warn that the military stalemate between Armenia and Azerbaijan might degenerate into crisis or even renewed war. What leads them to such conclusions?

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Border management is not only about security but also about freer trade and transit. © OSCE

Border management, the EU, and UNDP

The EU wishes to export its ‘soft power’ via border management programmes—including those implemented by UNDP in Europe and Central Asia. But what exactly does this entail?

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© Chris Loades/Fauna & Flora International

Borders, security and instability in the Fergana Valley

Despite the creation of strict border regimes, borders in Central Asia’s Fergana Valley remain portals for narcotics smugglers. Does strengthening borders really help?

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